What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition that occurs due to inadequate insulin production or failure of uptake of insulin by body cells. When there is an increase in blood glucose levels, sugar builds up in the bloodstream rather than the glucose distributing it throughout the body.
There are different types of diabetes which include;
- Type I
- Type II
- Type III Insipidus
- Steroid induced
- Secondary and brittle
Type I and Type II are the most common. Diabetes should not be overlooked because it is a serious condition. Unfortunately, there are people who have it yet they are not aware whereas a larger population have prediabetes.
Nonetheless, one can live with this condition or even reverse it with a healthy lifestyle such as proper diet and appropriate medical management. When one experiences the following symptoms, they should be cautious about their glucose levels;
- Unexplained weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Frequent feeling of thirst
- Numbness and tingling sensations on feet and hands
Type I Diabetes
It is also known as insulin dependent diabetes; implying that a person with Type I diabetes relies on insulin which is either injected or pumped into the body. The Global Diabetes community describes it as an autoimmune disorder that results in destruction of beta cells in the pancreas which usually produce insulin that is responsible for regulation of blood glucose levels.
The immune system attacks beta cells when it mistakenly detects the cells as foreign into the body and this hinders back up and distribution of glucose in the body.
Type II Diabetes
It occurs due to insufficient production of insulin or inability of the body to process the insulin produced. This type of diabetes takes time to manifest and is usually considered as lifestyle induced.
The following are some of the risk factors for this form of diabetes. They include;
- family history of Type II diabetes
- Unhealthy lifestyle
Exercise and diet is vital in the management of Type II diabetes and a keen eye should be kept on blood sugar levels.
Difference between Type I and Type II Diabetes
Although they have a similar name, the development of each type of diabetes is different. Whereas Type I is an autoimmune disease, Type II results from resistance of insulin.