There are certain drugs that can stimulate pancreatic cells to increase production of insulin. There are also some drugs that have been made to counter this effect and cause the liver to produce less insulin. This is an adaptive response to high insulin in the body thus it would require less insulin. In addition to that, there are certain enzymes and hormones in the body that tend to inhibit the breakdown of carbohydrates, or just cause one’s body tissues to be more sensitized towards insulin.
More is known about Type I diabetes medications since it is more common than Type II diabetes. Type II diabetes medication involves administration of insulin, which may not be necessarily done to all people. Another technique is to take SGLT2 inhibitors which increase the amount of sugar that is passed in urine and not taken back by the kidneys. There is another option that one can take. Intake of GLP-1 receptor agonists which soothes digestion and works to keep blood sugar at an all-time low. Medical personnel may also give DPP-4. DPP-4 does not inhibit digestion but still, it works just as well in maintaining a constant level of blood sugar. Thiazolinediones and Meglitinides both have an interesting effect in the body and are used to make the pancreas respond more to acceptance of insulin. Sulfonylureas and metformin are both fabricated to aid the body to have much better responsiveness towards insulin within the body. Like all those other drugs that are available within the market, the above drugs also have their fair share of secondary side effects when they are taken. For optimum results, it is recommended that patients follow strictly what the doctor orders.
This procedure involves surgical transplantation of the pancreas. This is an effective measure for type II diabetes patients. After the procedure and organ acceptance by the body, no more drugs or insulin would be needed for life.