It is done to evaluate the estimated blood glucose levels over 2-3 months. Usually, two tests will be done to ascertain accuracy in findings. A1C reading of 5.7 and below is normal while those above predisposes you to diabetes development. Results between 5.7 and 6.4 is pre-diabetic while those above 6.5 means one has diabetes.
Fasting plasma glucose
After not eating during the night and carrying put an A1C test from one’s blood samples, a reading of 5.6 mmol/L is deemed normal while anything above the stipulated reading is a promoting factor in development of diabetes. Having a reading between 5.6 mmol/L-6.9 mmol/L is pre-diabetic while anything above 7.1 mmol/L can be used to diagnose diabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance
This is almost similar to fasting glucose test. On the next day when one visits the doctor, a sugary liquid will be administered orally and a test done after two hours. Healthy levels of blood sugar should be below 7.8 mmol/L. Readings between 7.8-11.0 mmol/L is termed pre-diabetic while those above 11.1 mmol/L means that one is diabetic.
Doctors may analyze a patient’s urine content if they have a high suspicion for Type I diabetes, to look for the presence of ketones and autoantibodies. Ketones are produced during vigorous muscle activity or when there is fat breakdown to give forth energy. Autoimmune antibodies are the worst form of immune system cells and can cause immense damage.
Symptoms that mirror any form of diabetes is a warranty to go for a medical examination as soon as possible. Being diagnosed with such conditions does not imply that all is lost. Good health starts by knowing what can cause poor pancreas activity. Also, acknowledging that there is a problem with the pancreases and seeking prompt medical attention is encouraged.