Antibodies test are not expensive and the physician can easily perform them. Two tests normally exist, namely the thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO) and TG or thyroglobulin antibodies test. These tests usually indicate high levels of TSH 10-15 years before the person notices any changes in the TSH. Normal TPO antibodies are usually below 35 while TG antibodies are below 20. However, there are various ranges depending on the type of test the patient takes.
When the patient catches these antibodies and experiences symptoms prior to medication, they ought to take preventive measures to avoid damaging the thyroid as well as avoiding future medications.
Free T3 and T4 test.
They are basically the thyroid hormone levels. These tests can indicate if the person has a thyroid disorder before the TG and TPO tests. Normal ranges of the T3 and T4 should be in the top half of the standard reference range. Where other lab tests fail to indicate an underactive thyroid or show a normal thyroid, another test called the reverse T3 can be used to identify an underactive thyroid.
Falling outside the recommended range can indicate a deficiency in thyroid hormones, and treatment is necessary to level things. If the patient has Hashimotos’, a gluten free diet would be the first step.
A condition in which the immune system sees a foreign body and captures its structure, it then attacks any cell with a similar structure, be it a protein sequence in gluten or anything resembling the thyroid. As a result, it attacks the thyroid gland due to its similarity in structure with the gluten protein.
Will doctors diagnose Hashimotos’ immediately?
The person can be lucky to get a correct diagnosis immediately. However, it takes up to 10 -20 years in some cases, for a correct diagnosis to be done. In women, diagnosis can be sooner but a late one can lead to postpartum depression and psychosis.